The Trinidad Scorpion Moruga Yellow pepper is a variety of pepper native to the island of Trinidad, known for its high concentration of capsaicin, a chemical compound responsible for its strong spicy flavor. Capsaicin has been measured in this pepper variety at levels as high as 2,009,231 Scoville Heat Units (SHU), making Trinidad Scorpion Moruga Yellow one of the hottest peppers in the world.
Capsaicin is a fat-soluble alkaloid found in the tissues of plants of the genus Capsicum, including varieties of chili peppers. Its concentration varies according to the variety of pepper and its ripeness. Capsaicin is known for its thermogenic action, i.e. its ability to increase body temperature and stimulate metabolism. Furthermore, it may also have analgesic, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. For example, using topical capsaicin has been shown to be effective in treating joint and muscle pain, as it acts on the body's pain receptors called TRPV1 receptors. Additionally, using capsaicin in general has been shown to increase feelings of fullness and promote weight loss.
The Trinidad Scorpion Moruga Yellow was first discovered in a vegetable garden in the town of Moruga, Trinidad. The plant has an upright habit and can reach up to a height of about 2 meters. Its fruits are elongated, about 2-3 cm long and about 2 cm wide. Their coloring varies from yellow to red when ripe.
Cultivation of Trinidad Scorpion Moruga Yellow requires a hot and humid climate, with temperatures between 20 and 38 degrees Celsius and an altitude between 0 and 600 meters above sea level. The plant also requires full sun exposure, good drainage, and regular watering. Sowing can be done in pots or in open ground, and the fruit can be harvested 60 to 90 days after germination.
Trinidad Scorpion Moruga Yellow is mainly used for seasoning spicy dishes and for making hot sauce. However, it can also be used as an ingredient in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and as an insect repellent. For example, capsaicin can be used as an ingredient in creams to treat muscle and joint pain, as it acts on the body's pain receptors. Additionally, capsaicin can be used as an ingredient in natural insect repellents, as it has been shown to be effective at repelling insects such as mosquitoes and grasshoppers.
It is important to note that using Trinidad Scorpion Moruga Yellow requires careful handling and conscious use due to its high level of spiciness. Capsaicin can cause irritation to the skin and mucous membranes, so it is advisable to wear protective gloves and wash your hands well after handling these peppers. Also, it's important to use Trinidad Scorpion Moruga Yellow carefully and start with small amounts to test your tolerance for pungency.